Soft Plush Toy Safety Regulations

Soft plush toys increasingly enjoy great popularity among people of all ages. It is essential to note that most soft toys are primarily intended to be used by children. Therefore, they’re imposed under strict regulations to ensure product quality and safety are upheld within the market.

We are here to share the key safety regulations and requirements needed in the stuffed toy industry and what three of the common toy safety standards, ASTM F963, CPSC-CPSIA, and CPC, contain.


ASTM F963, is the most important toy safety standard in the United States and the most influential toy safety standard in the world. It is a voluntary non-mandatory standard, but in commercial practice, toys that do not comply with ASTM F963 cannot enter the US market.

The ASTM F963 must include:

Mechanical Testing: 

impact test, drop test, tension test for component displacement, pressure test, deflection test, etc.

Flammability Testing:

It is stipulated that the self-ignition speed along the main axis after the toy catches fire should be lower than 2.5mm/s.

Chemical Testing:

Migration and total lead content testing of eight heavy metals. The commonly tested eight metals are:

(1) Arsenic

(2) Antimony

(3) Cadmium

(4) Barium

(5) Chromium

(6) Lead

(7) Mercury

(8) Selenium

Other testing may also be required dependent on the regulation, for example, phthalates, formaldehyde, AZO-Dye testing. This ensures that the products do not have any potentially harmful chemicals, which can cause long-term adverse effects on consumers’ health.


The Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act (CPSIA) of 2008 imposed testing requirements and new acceptable levels for several substances common in most consumer products, especially those designed for children, ages 0-12.

The CPSIA regulations enforce:

  1. Rigorous restrictions on phthalates (chemicals used to soften plastic) in children’s toys.
  2. Strict lead restrictions for children’s products (90 ppm in paint and other surface coatings, 100 ppm in substrates).
  3. Compulsory third-party testing by accredited laboratories specifically for lead (in paint and metallic jewelry), and generally on cribs, pacifiers, small parts, bicycles, bicycle helmets, rattles, bunk beds, etc. – with more to come.

All third-party chemical testing must be integrated into a reasonable testing plan. Aixini can help you to determine how many samples should be tested in order for the testing plan to be considered as reasonable.

Children’s Product Certificate (CPC)

A CPC or Child Product Licence is required once a CPSC-certified laboratory has successfully inspected a stuffed toy. A CPC licence gives a detailed report on the inspection results to ensure they comply with the requirements for the specific toy type.

The CPC must include:

  1. The safety requirements which are needed for the certificate.
  2. Origin of the product.
  3. Manufacturers information.
  4. A product description.
  5. Details of the laboratory in which the test was conducted.

Note: a CPC license should be provided with every shipment of the toys. To get more information on CPC, visit the CPSC website.

A Conclusion of Soft Toy Safety Regulations

Many regulations govern the production of toys and the materials they can be made of. While, the standards and regulations vary across countries.

Here, we have shown some of the most common toy safety regulations relevant to soft toys. Businesses that want to export or import stuffed toys to new markets often hire third-party quality control companies to help them navigate the regulatory frameworks and test their products.

Aixini has been concentrating on designing and producing premium-quality plush toys that meet various safety standards for 20+ years. We have the solid strength and confidence to make your favorite plush toys or customize the plush toys you want.

Post time: Sep-02-2022